Fears 1.5C goal at risk as Cop27 negotiations overrun – reside | Cop27

Key occasions

What to anticipate right this moment

Damian Carrington

Damian Carrington

It’s going to be a busy and complicated day at Cop27, so right here’s what you might want to know to know what’s going on.

First, the UN local weather summits work by consensus. Meaning there are not any votes and as an alternative international locations should all agree on selections, or at the least not be strongly opposed. In consequence, the talks at all times go into additional time, as nations maintain out for his or her targets.

The consensus mechanism locations an enormous duty on the Cop president, on this case Sameh Shoukry, Egypt’s international minister. He should information international locations firmly however pretty to widespread floor. However the presidency is getting a number of criticism for not pushing international locations more durable sooner. One observer mentioned: “Veterans are actually branding this the worst organised Cop in 30 years”.

You additionally want a little bit of historical past to know the negotiations. Again in 1992 when the UN local weather treaty was created, it divided the world into developed and creating nations. The treaty put the duty to behave and to fund local weather motion on the developed international locations.

However in 1992, solely a few dozen nations have been deemed developed, largely western European nations, plus the US, Australia and Japan. In the present day, the world could be very completely different. China’s economic system is large, different nations have gotten wealthy on fossil fuels, resembling Saudi Arabia, and South Korea is very developed. Lots of the international locations dubbed creating in 1992 are actually main polluters too.

This modification has created critical tensions at Cops for years. The developed nations assume the onus ought to not be on them alone to pay for local weather motion. The 1992 creating nations argue that the division is written into the treaty and have to be revered. In addition they level out that developed nations haven’t in any case fulfilled their promise to ship $100bn in annual local weather funds.

The strain over the division is why the EU proposal on loss and injury is so putting. It guarantees the fund demanded by poor nations, to assist rebuild after unavoidable local weather disasters, however requires nations like China to contribute. The loss and injury problem is essential at Cop27, however critics of the EU proposal say it solely guarantees funding to the very poorest and most susceptible international locations, probably excluding nations like Pakistan which suffered catastrophic floods this yr.

Extra on that from Fiona Harvey right here:

Egyptian Cop27 president Sameh Shoukry is giving a press convention. He says negotiators labored by way of the evening and that international locations can be given extra time to have a look at the texts. He insists the textual content retains the 1.5C goal alive and says nearly all of events who’ve seen the texts contemplate them “a foundation on which to maneuver ahead”. Not language that sounds as if we’ll be wrapping up any time quickly.

My colleague Adam Morton spoke to Australia’s local weather minister, Chris Bowen, final evening, who mentioned that some international locations have been pushing to water down the language agreed at Paris and Glasgow, however that he and others had been pushing to maintain it:

“It’s necessary as a result of if we’re not making an attempt to maintain to 1.5C, then what are we right here for? As a result of the distinction between 1.5C and 1.7C by way of the affect on the planet is big.”

Learn the total story right here:

EU: ‘No determination higher than a foul determination’

AFP is reporting {that a} French minister has mentioned the Egyptian convention hosts are proposing a textual content that’s “unacceptable”:

The European Union on Saturday rejected as “unacceptable” a proposal from UN local weather summit host Egypt for a deal at Cop27, a French official mentioned, saying it was insufficiently bold on decreasing carbon emissions.

“At this stage, the Egyptian presidency is looking into query features made in Glasgow on emissions discount,” the official from the French power transition ministry mentioned, referring to the end result of final yr’s Cop26. “That is unacceptable for France and for European Union international locations.”

The EU local weather chief, Frans Timmermans, has simply given a press convention, the place he mentioned he believes a deal is feasible however that the EU “would reasonably haven’t any determination than a foul determination”.

No new texts have emerged in a single day, so the second draft continues to be the latest that has been made public. Fiona Harvey has learn between the strains of it to work out what’s been settled and what’s nonetheless a great distance from being agreed:

Fears 1.5C goal in peril as Cop27 overruns

Good day, and welcome to the Guardian’s ongoing reside protection of the Cop27 local weather convention. It was supposed to complete yesterday night, however to no one’s shock has been prolonged by a day.

The temper this morning is sombre, and it seems the goal agreed on the Paris Cop of holding international heating to inside 1.5C of pre-industrial ranges could also be in danger. Frans Timmermans of the EU tweeted this this morning:

#COP27 is in extra time. The EU is united in our ambition to maneuver ahead and construct on what we agreed in Glasgow. Our message to companions is evident: we can not settle for that 1.5C dies right here and right this moment.

— Frans Timmermans (@TimmermansEU) November 19, 2022

We’ll be right here bringing you the most recent information and developments as they occur, however within the meantime you’ll be able to compensate for what occurred yesterday right here:

I’m Alan Evans, and you may attain me at alan.evans@theguardian.com or on Twitter at @itsalanevans.