Cop27: EU agrees to finance fund for poorer international locations – dwell | Cop27

Key occasions

Ruth Michaelson

Ruth Michaelson

The International Marketing campaign to Demand Local weather Justice held a press convention to try to unpick the state of negotiations in Sharm el-Sheikh, in addition to outlining what Gadir Lavadenz of GCDCJ referred to as the “hypocrisies” occurring through the talks.

Lavandez criticised what he labelled as “so-called developed nations not solely obstructing negotiations however locking the world in a fossil gas dependent path, by closing all types of fossil-fuel primarily based vitality offers”, throughout Cop27.

Panelists Meena Raman of the Third World Community and Mohamed Adow of Energy Shift Africa each criticised the present choices being mentioned at Cop27 round a fund for “loss and harm”, significantly round debates over the definition of “weak,” international locations.

“We want a fund that may channel help to probably the most weak communities, however a method that enables us to outline what vulnerability is,” stated Adow.

Of their studying, this language was already settled within the textual content of the Paris settlement, and efforts to place additional definitions on it now dangers proscribing entry to the fund solely to a tiny minority of nations, fairly than recognising that almost all of the worldwide south is weak to the influence of the local weather disaster.

Raman outlined the present choices being mentioned for a loss and harm fund, together with establishing a fund instantly, establishing a fund that begins in 2024 or an alternate funding association totally.

“Watch america and different developed international locations hiding behind the US to see whether or not they’ll be in help of a proposition to determine a fund proper right here in Sharm el-Sheikh,” she stated. “Total within the negotiations, the US specifically and others together with Switzerland for the environmental integrity group, they’ve been fairly belligerent. What they’re attempting to do throughout all agenda objects is to wreck the Paris settlement and wreck the conference. How they do that is by not acknowledging their historic accountability, eradicating references to widespread however differentiated duties and capabilities … you possibly can’t come to Sharm el-Sheikh and attempt to delete all you’ve agreed to previously and fake as if there’s no historic accountability.”

Brandon Wu of ActionAid USA additionally voiced criticisms of the EU’s loss and harm proposal put ahead final night time, saying that whereas the proposal would set up a fund instantly, that “the fund right here contains plenty of poison tablets”.

He stated: “One in all them is that this concentrate on weak international locations solely, in addition to broadening the donor base. These are two issues that go towards agreements which have already been made, and had been extraordinarily exhausting fought, and we discovered a touchdown zone in Paris that once more not everybody was proud of, however we have already got. Once more, this push to broaden the donor base specifically is an abdication of accountability from developed international locations, let’s be clear on what it’s. It could be much more credible if the US, if the EU, had been truly assembly their local weather finance obligations, however they’re not coming anyplace shut. They are saying we’re getting near the 100 billion [US dollars] whereas 75% of what they’re counting is loans or personal finance or export credit score, it’s not actual finance that’s flowing north to south.”

Last textual content for Santiago Community – to supply technical assist for these going through loss and harm – has additionally lastly been printed. (This was agreed 2 days in the past)

🌊 Advisory board established
🌊 Board could have Indigenous, girls, youth members
🌊 Secretariat location to be determined pic.twitter.com/BrTTbH8u96

— Josh Gabbatiss (@Josh_Gabbatiss) November 18, 2022

Adam Morton

Adam Morton

The low-lying Pacific island of Tuvalu has been reacting to the EU’s proposal on “loss and harm”. Its finance minister, Seve Paeniu, referred to as for help for phasing out all fossil fuels, language to this point lacking from the draft Sharm el-Sheikh settlement.

He described the EU place on loss and harm as a “breakthrough”.

“They’re now agreeing to organising a response fund. To me, that could be a main concession and main breakthrough,” he stated. “It’s our hope that will probably be ending up within the textual content of the convention choice.”

He stated there would then be 12 months earlier than the following Cop “to do all of the work” on designing the fund. He additionally welcomed an EU push for a recognition that world emissions must peak by 2025, fairly than 2030, and that larger motion was wanted to chop methane. However he stated that weren’t sufficient to speed up ambition in the direction of limiting heating to 1.5C.

Paeniu stated language in a draft settlement for the convention wanted to be strengthened to say there needs to be a ban on all new fossil gas extraction and manufacturing, together with oil and gasoline, not only a part down of unabated coal energy. “That must be within the convention choice by the top of at this time.”

Attendees from Tuvalu pose for a photo during the COP27 climate conference at the Sharm el-Sheikh International Convention Centre, in Egypt’s Red Sea resort city of the same name, on November 9, 2022.
Attendees from Tuvalu throughout Cop27 at Sharm el-Sheikh. {Photograph}: Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Photos

Patrick Greenfield

Patrick Greenfield

If you’re confused about what’s going on at Cop27 this morning, we have to return to 1992 when the United Nations Framework Conference on Local weather Change (UNFCCC) was established. The Soviet Union had simply been dissolved, the world’s human inhabitants was about 5.5 billion, and international locations corresponding to China and South Korea had been nonetheless industrialising.

A lot has modified in 30 years. Some former jap bloc international locations are a part of the EU and as such, have develop into donor nations within the UNFCCC course of. The UAE, Brazil, South Korea, China, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are a lot wealthier and have emitted monumental quantities of greenhouse gases.

Many rich donor international locations really feel that international locations whose economies have grown considerably since 1992, particularly China, ought to contribute to any loss and harm fund for weak international locations. There will probably be a giant tussle on this problem within the coming hours and days in Egypt between negotiators.

U.S. President George Bush is watched by first lady Barbara Bush as he signs the Earth Pledge at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, June 12, 1992.
President George Bush is watched by first girl Barbara Bush as he indicators the Earth Pledge on the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. {Photograph}: M Frustino/AP

Right here is the most recent from Carbon Temporary’s senior coverage editor Simon Evans on how shut we’re to settlement.

China, Saudi Arabia and Qatar ought to contribute to loss and harm – Canada

Patrick Greenfield

Patrick Greenfield

I grabbed a phrase with Canada’s atmosphere minister, Steven Guilbeault, at its Cop27 pavilion this morning. He stated Canada was supportive of the EU’s proposal on loss and harm, however international locations corresponding to China, Saudi Arabia and Qatar ought to contribute to the fund given their historic emissions and wealth.

He informed the Guardian: “We’re not against the thought of making a brand new fund. There’s already a whole lot of funding on the market … The G77 appears to actually, actually need a new fund. I believe what the EU proposal does is to say: ‘if we had been to create a brand new fund, we’re going to want sure circumstances: we have to see actual ambition on mitigation within the textual content’. We agree with that and we’re not seeing that proper now.

“We have to have a critical dialog about increasing the donor base. We recognise our accountability however we’re much less and fewer massive emitters in comparison with others. It’s within the curiosity of weak international locations to have extra donors … China ought to undoubtedly be there. I believe there are a selection of oil-producing nations within the Gulf area that needs to be a part of that. I haven’t appeared on the UAE’s figures however Qatar and Saudi Arabia, sure,” he stated.

Steven Guilbeault, minister of the environment and climate change of Canada, speaks at the COP27 U.N.
Steven Guilbeault, Canada’s minister of the atmosphere and local weather change, speaks at Cop27. {Photograph}: Peter Dejong/AP

Loss and harm has been the principle problem and sticking level at these talks, however what precisely does it imply? My colleague Nina Lakhani’s explainer ought to reply your questions:

Megan Darby, editor of ClimateHome, can be going by the brand new textual content (which dropped, she says, a few hours after they’d despatched out the publication).

She factors out that the demand for fossil gas phase-down which many individuals needed nonetheless has not made the minimize. But in addition provides:

Provocative primary language on “deep remorse” that developed international locations are so garbage has gone.

The newest draft textual content has additionally been printed and is being combed by by everybody.

Sébastien Duyck, a senior Legal professional working at #COP27, thinks there are four main areas of concern:

  • the deletion of references to human proper to a clear atmosphere;

  • no reference to phasing out of oil & gasoline;

  • references to “low emission vitality programs” & “clear energy technology” opening door for continued promotion of #FossilFuels as an alternative of shift to #RenewableEnergy

  • and no reference to the essential biodiversity COP-15 upcoming subsequent month and the necessity for a robust consequence

Mikael Karlsson has tweeted the EU proposal right here.

Good morning, and welcome to the Guardian’s dwell protection of the Cop27 local weather talks.

As we speak is theoretically the ultimate day of the convention, however these occasions normally overrun and most of the people anticipate it to final into Saturday and presumably even Sunday.

Nonetheless, a serious step ahead got here in a single day because the European Union agreed to help the creation of a fund for loss and harm finance – that’s, cash offered by wealthy international locations to assist poorer international locations adapt to and get well from the devastating results of the local weather disaster.

My colleagues Fiona Harvey and Adam Morton have the total story right here:

Patrick Greenfield will probably be right here shortly, and you’ll attain him at patrick.greenfield@theguardian.com or on Twitter at @pgreenfielduk.